Lydia Khalil

Research Fellow, Transnational Challenges
Lydia Khalil
Biography
Publications
News and media

Lydia Khalil is a Research Fellow on Transnational Challenges at the Lowy Institute. She manages the Digital Threats to Democracy Project and convenes the Lowy Institute’s partnership with the Global Network on Extremism and Technology.

She has a broad range of policy, research and private sector experience, and has a professional background in international relations, national security and strategic intelligence analysis. Lydia has spent her career focusing on the intersection between governance, technology and security — examining the rationales behind terrorism and counterinsurgency, how to create governance systems that lead to functioning societies, the role of effective policing strategies and the effects of new technology.

Lydia serves as an editorial board member of the academic journal Studies in Conflict & Terrorism. She is also an Associate Research Fellow at Deakin University’s Alfred Deakin Institute, where she is the Coordinator of the Addressing Violent Extremism and Radicalisation to Terrorism (AVERT) Research Network and serves as liaison to the Research and Evaluation Working Group (REWG) of the Countering Violent Extremism Sub-Committee (CVESC) of the Australia–New Zealand Counter-Terrorism Committee.

Lydia is a research member of the Centre for Resilient and Inclusive Societies (CRIS) where she leads the Crisis Points project on the intersection of disasters, extremism and disinformation. She is also a member of the US-based Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Working Group and the United Nations Security Council’s Global Research Network (GRN). Lydia is a member of the Victorian Government Countering Violent Extremism Expert Advisory Committee, among other government advisory appointments.

Lydia has held previous appointments as an international affairs fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and Macquarie University. Prior to moving to Australia, she served as a political adviser for the US Department of Defense and as a senior policy adviser to the Boston Police Department. She has also worked as a senior counter-terrorism and intelligence analyst for the New York Police Department.

Lydia is a frequent media commentator and conference speaker and has published widely in both popular and academic publications on her areas of expertise. She holds a BA in International Relations from Boston College and a Master’s in International Security from Georgetown University.

She is the author of the book Rise of the Extreme Right: The New Global Extremism and the Threat to Democracy (Penguin, 2022).

In Syria, Trump must collude with Russia
In Syria, Trump must collude with Russia
Airstrikes aside, the US needs Moscow to influence the Assad regime and negotiate an end to this sordid conflict.
Favourites of 2017: The Exile
Favourites of 2017: The Exile
It is a revealing and compelling read that recounts a hidden history of an organisation that transformed the world. 
Worst enemy: Kurdistan’s history of infighting
Worst enemy: Kurdistan’s history of infighting
The Kurds may like to say they have no friends but the mountains, but their family has a history of letting them down too.
Kurdistan precarious but steadfast on eve of referendum
Kurdistan precarious but steadfast on eve of referendum
The allure of a referendum on Kurdish independence has overridden the practical implications and very real risks.
Islamic State is changing the face of terrorism
Islamic State is changing the face of terrorism
Not only has the jihadist threat increased, the nature of the threat has evolved significantly.
Egypt’s Copts: Caught between the Egyptian State and IS
Egypt’s Copts: Caught between the Egyptian State and IS
The structural underpinnings that allowed for the emergence and growth of violent jihadists in Egypt are the result of decades of official and unofficial discriminatory policies…
The Rohingya tragedy: Time to talk to the Tatmadaw
The Rohingya tragedy: Time to talk to the Tatmadaw
We need to consider opening a direct dialogue with the Tatmadaw. We must be willing to hold our noses and deal with the military generals.
Commentary
Tide of Islamic State moves west
Originally published in The Australian Financial Review.Rodger Shanahan , Lydia Khalil
Foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq: The day after
Analyses
Foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq: The day after
In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Research Fellow Dr Rodger Shanahan and Nonresident Fellow Lydia Khalil argue that an increasing number of foreign fighters are likely to leave…
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