Published daily by the Lowy Institute

John Carlson

John Carlson held the statutory position of Director General, Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office from 1989 to 2010. He was Chairman of SAGSI (IAEA’s Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation) from 2001 to 2006. He was a Member of the Advisory Board of the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, which reported in 2009, and founding Chair of the Asia-Pacific Safeguards Network, 2009-12. John is counselor to NTI (the Nuclear Threat Initiative, Washington) on nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and verification issues. He is a member of the Advisory Council of the International Luxembourg Forum; member of VERTIC’s International Verification Consultants Network; Associate, Project on Managing the Atom, Belfer Center, Harvard University; member of the Asia Pacific Leadership Network for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament; and member of the Expert Advisory Committee, Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission, South Australia. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management, and recipient of the Institute’s Distinguished Service Award. In June 2012 John received the award of Member of the Order of Australia (AM).

Articles by John Carlson (21)

  • Is the Abbott Government abandoning Australia's nuclear safeguards standards for India?

    The signing last month of a civil nuclear cooperation agreement between Australia and India has been greeted as an important step towards closer relations between the two countries, as well as bringing India into the global nuclear energy mainstream. These are worthy objectives, but not at any cost.  Now that the text of the agreement has been quietly made public, some substantial departures from Australia's current safeguards conditions are evident.
  • Japan transfers weapons grade plutonium and highly enriched uranium to US

    As the Nuclear Security Summit meets in The Hague this week, Japanese Prime Minister Abe and US President Obama have jointly announced that Japan will transfer all plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Japan's Fast Critical Assembly (FCA) at Tokai to the US for disposal. This material includes 331kg of weapons grade plutonium and 200kg of weapons grade HEU. The material was supplied to Japan in the 1960s by the US and UK.
  • A regional uranium enrichment centre in Australia?

    It may seem anomalous that Australia, with a third of the world's uranium reserves, does not have a uranium enrichment industry to value-add on uranium exports.  This was seriously considered in the 1970s, when a consortium of four major Australian resource companies conducted an enrichment feasibility study.  For a number of reasons, including Labor's adoption of an anti-nuclear stance, this study was never taken further.  The most recent commercial involvement was the laser-based enrichment R&