Nurliana Kamaruddin is a senior lecturer at the Asia-Europe Institute, University of Malaya. She earned her PhD in International Studies majoring in Development Cooperation at Ewha Womans University, Seoul and her MA in International Cooperation at Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea. Nurliana was a recipient of the Korea Foundation ASEAN Fellowship (2013-2015) and the POSCO TJ Park Foundation Asia Fellowship (2009-2011). She is co-editor of the book ASEAN Post-50: Emerging Issues and Challenges (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019). Her research interest includes international development, non-traditional security, governance and international cooperation with an area focus of East Asia. She can be contacted at email@example.com
Southeast Asian nations have learned to be wary of big powers offering promises of security in return for loyalty.
While all attention has been on the US and China, countries of the region themselves might have a say.
The terminology might have converged, but differing interpretations of how to manage the region still pose a challenge.