Wednesday 01 Mar 2017 | 20:59 | SYDNEY
What's happening on
  • 01 Mar 2017 18:28

    The race for Raqqa

    The most difficult aspect of the Raqqa operation is not the seizure of the city but the post-seizure governance.

  • 01 Mar 2017 16:53

    Australia's F-35s: The beginning of a 5th generation RAAF

    The arrival of two F-35 Joint Strike Fighters this week marks the first time Australia's own fifth-generation fighter aircraft have flown over Australian skies.

  • 01 Mar 2017 13:44

    Welcome to the post-American era

    America is transitioning from an indispensable nation, the guarantor of the global rules-based order, to a normal great power.

Global Economy

Overview

Measured in US dollars, annual global gross domestic product is now somewhere over $72 trillion.  This figure incorporates all of the output in terms of goods and services within states, and also between states.  The global trading system represents around US$22 trillion of economic activity. Outside of the ‘real economy’, global financial asset markets are now worth well over US$600 trillion.   For perspective, Australia’s gross domestic product is worth around US$1.5 trillion.

What the Lowy Institute does

The ebbs and flows of global economic conditions, trade and capital flows, thus have substantial implications for the Australian economy, and Australia’s major regional trading partners. Understanding the broad trends, and identifying emerging challenges and opportunities within the global economy, is central to the work of the International Economy Program at the Lowy Institute for International Policy.

The highly integrated nature of the modern global economy became especially evident during the 2008 global financial crisis. What began as a localised problem within the residential asset-backed securities market in the United States, eventually brought down major financial firms across the Western world, and ultimately pushed the United States and Europe into a deep and prolonged recession. Although global economic growth has recovered somewhat since 2008, it is still much lower than pre-2008 trends, and the hangover from the crisis has manifested itself in the form of high unemployment levels throughout much of the developed and developing world, as well as an increasing level of inequality both within and between countries.

The International Economy Program regularly produces analysis on the major components of the world economy, principally in the areas of trade, finance, macroeconomic policy, and global economic governance.  The G20 Studies Centre, established at the end of 2012, places a particular focus on the role of the G20 as the primary global economic governance response to the global financial crisis.

Understanding the economic rise of Asia, and particularly of the growing middle class within Asia, is also crucial to the broader work of the Lowy Institute. Political economy analysis on major players in the region, chiefly China, India and Indonesia, features heavily in the work of the East Asia Program and the International Security Program.  

Why everyone is talking about universal basic incomes

When the Indian Finance Ministry devoted a full chapter of its recent Economic Report to the idea of a universal basic income (UBI), it might seem like revolutionary ‘pie in the sky’ musings, especially as the cost would equal nearly half of India’s budget. But in fact the ministry is just

Is Trump reigniting the currency wars?

In 2010 Brazilian Finance Minister Guido Mantega warned that a 'currency war' was underway. Europe, the United States and the United Kingdom were attempting to boost their limp post-2008 recoveries through quantitative easing (QE) policies, which not only lowered interest rates but also depreciated

Trump’s trade protectionism

President Trump is off to a flying start on his promised trade protectionism, with executive orders on withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership and renegotiation of NAFTA, together with his threatened import duty on any US company off-shoring domestic jobs and his promise to make Mexico pay for

What’s ahead for the global economy?

January is the month for new resolutions and economic forecasts and, sometimes, a bit of soul-searching over past inaccuracies. The International Monetary Fund, the chief forecaster for the global economy, just published an update on its October forecast. As usual, the IMF's central

Obama's legacy: Bold leadership on climate

Battling climate change was a signature issue of President Barack Obama’s tenure, particularly during the his second term. In contrast, President-elect Donald Trump has called climate change a hoax perpetrated by the Chinese, vowed to roll back climate regulations such as the Clean Power Plan (CPP

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